Geography

In April 1923, thirteen-year-old Mavis recorded her findings following an excursion to The Cutting in Barkers Road, Kew. She was attending Mont Albert Central School at the time.

Geography Excursion to Kew Cutting at Victoria Bridge

Main points of interest

(a) Anti-clines
(b) A fault
(c) Dykes
(d) Flood plain
(e) Levee
(f) Meander

(a) Anti-clines

In the cutting we saw some good exmples of Anti-clines. The strata or layers of rock, which were laid down flat have been buckled up into the shape of waves. Anti-clines are (A-shaped). Synclines are curved the other way (U-shaped). The anticline in the cutting is something like the drawing below.

(b) A fault

Sometimes a break occurs in the strata and part of it is dislodged. At the end of the cutting, we saw an example of a fault.

(c) Dykes

Sometimes lava from a volcano is pushed up through the layers of rock (strata). Later, when a cutting is made, these necks of lava are shown. They wear away more quickly than the strata.

(d) Flood plain

We also saw a small flood plain, upon which chinamen have their garden right up to the bridge. This plain soil is very fertile. It is made of silt, deposited by the river as it meanders around the curve. The opposite bank is curved out and high.

(e) Levee

Silt is deposited by the river, along its banks, raising them up. They look like raised banks.

(f) Meander

Meanders are curves in the river’s course. An old river flowing along a plain, twines along.

Mavis as a Girl Next

Page of geography book.

Pages from Mavis' Geography book, April 1923.

Page of geography book.